Reading Curriculum Intent, Implementation & Impact
At Coleridge, we understand that reading is an essential life skill and we are committed to enabling our children to become lifelong readers. We understand that becoming a proficient reader matters emotionally, culturally and educationally; and, because of the economic impacts within society, it matters to everyone; therefore, reading is at the heart of everything we do at Coleridge.
We have high expectations of all children: together, we aim to achieve excellence every day. Our intent at Coleridge is to ensure that all pupils are fluent and effective readers who have a rich vocabulary, secure comprehension and enjoy reading for pleasure. At the heart of our strategy is our drive to foster a love of reading, enriching children’s learning through carefully designed teaching sequences delivered via high-quality teaching. Each sequence utilises purposefully selected stories and thought-provoking texts that are of a Lexile-appropriate level and become progressively more challenging as children move through school. Reading for pleasure is integral for us: it is our intent that reading for pleasure is a culture, an interwoven golden thread, at the very heart of the school that all children are part of as they journey through school and beyond.
We aim to:
- Build on the work of early reading and phonics by providing ample opportunities for children to apply knowledge of structured synthetic phonics in order to decode unfamiliar words with increasing accuracy and speed;
- Instil a love of reading in children;
- Develop children’s confidence, independence and understanding through fluency, accuracy, automaticity and prosody to read both aloud and to themselves, with different texts and for different purposes;
- Develop a range of evidence-informed reading strategies that allow children to tackle reading problems and the wider curriculum with confidence;
- Develop children’s linguistic knowledge of vocabulary and grammar and how this contributes to reading for meaning;
- Expose children to literature that develops a deeper level of emotional intelligence, critical thinking and empathy; texts and extracts will include diverse themes and be written by diverse authors, both from the present day and the past, and include a broad range of female authors or lead characters to align with our whole school intent and aspirations for our learners.
Children must learn to read before they can read to learn. The teaching of early reading and phonics focuses on developing children’s phonetic skills in order to segment and blend to develop fluent readers through the implementation of Read Write Inc. For more information about how we do this at Coleridge, please see our detailed documentation on phonics.
Our curriculum is designed to support children to become fluent readers, recognising words automatically and using appropriate expression and intonation whilst reading at a natural pace. A range of fluency strategies (e.g. guided oral instruction, echo reading, repeated reading, paired reading, speed reading and word and sentence emphasis) are incorporated within high-quality daily reading lessons so that pupils are fluent readers who can both read to learn and read for enjoyment.
Lessons follow a structured 5 day approach to reading activities from the agreed outlined curriculum map. All sessions are interactive and include time for retrieval of previously taught learning, speaking and listening opportunities, fluency practice and comprehension development. Children are taught to notice breakdown in reading – identifying words and phrases they don’t understand and strategies to fix breakdown in meaning. Children are taught to relate the text to themselves, previous reading experiences and the world around them. Whole class shared reading is used to enable all children to share and respond to high-quality, purposefully-chosen texts from the school’s curriculum map, and develop DERIC reading skills. Teachers use the ‘I do, we do, you do’ model to support children to respond to a range of question types, across the different content domains. Texts become progressively more challenging in terms of Lexile measure, theme and plot, and are supplemented by poems, non-fiction and short extracts. Where possible, links are made with ‘Coleridge Leads The Way’ so that reading and responses to reading enrich children’s personal development and enhance cultural capital. Additionally, a weekly guided reading session is delivered where teachers use books closely matched to individual need, which enables teachers to elicit the needs of children individually and identify areas for future development. Furthermore, reading skills are continually developed through the wider curriculum. Pre-teaching and scaffolding are integral to the pedagogy of teaching and learning in reading lessons and into the wider curriculum.
Once children complete RWI, we use PM Benchmarking to check and monitor fluency and match children with suitable reading books that provide both challenge and interest. As with the fully decodable books that children read as they progress through phonics, our numbered books that match the Lexile coding used by PM Benchmarking, are books children read with adults, both in school and at home. We support all adults, including grown-ups at home, our own reading buddy pupils and volunteers who come into school to be able to support children to read these books using specific strategies. Children work through the wide variety of books at their own pace, recording their reading in their diaries. Teachers monitor their progress and determine, in conjunction with the use of ongoing assessment, when best for children to move onto the next level, ensuring that a range of books have been explored and understood.
From the moment children step foot into school, they are immersed in a text-rich environment, with well-stocked and accessible book areas in every classroom and throughout shared spaces in school. The ‘lend-it library’, ‘reading shed’ and the ‘secret library’ offer children additional opportunities to explore books to enjoy – which children are encouraged to do so independently and with their peers, alongside their reading book. These, combined with every adult sharing a love of reading, encourage a positive culture of reading for pleasure throughout school. Research shows hearing books read aloud supports children and children at Coleridge enjoy listening to challenging texts through daily storytime, during daily whole class reading sessions and through our half-termly event ‘Authors Galore’ which sees children exercise their right to a democratic vote about the author they would like to explore. In addition to this, we have a trained team of ‘reading buddies’ who take great pride in their responsibilities of sharing stories and books on the playground as well as pairing up with younger children to support and encourage them with reading.
At Coleridge, we strive to make sure every child fulfils their potential by making at least good progress from their starting points, taking account of their individual learning needs, so that they are able to read with accuracy, confidence, fluency, understanding and are therefore ready to access the secondary school curriculum at an age-appropriate level by the time they leave Year 6. Furthermore, pupils will develop a life-long enjoyment of reading, books and other reading material, across a range of genres, cultures and styles. Although every child is different and will be successful in different areas, our knowledge progression document outlines what we aim to ensure children will achieve, in line with the expectations of the National Curriculum 2014.
In addition to this:
- Families will have a good understanding of how they can support reading at home.
- There will be no significant gaps in the progress of different groups of pupils (e.g. disadvantaged vs non-disadvantaged)
Please find attached the progress models that outline our expectations for reading at the end of EYFS, KS1 and KS2. We have worked hard to devise a model that ensures content and sequence supports progress and ensures any pupil that falls behind, catches up quickly.
Reading For Pleasure
At Coleridge, leaders prioritise reading. We want children to enjoy reading and furthermore, we know that reading for pleasure is interlinked with attainment. Therefore, we work hard to ensure that love of reading is not only promoted but is an engrained culture for the pupils of Coleridge. Alongside our rich reading curriculum, we do lots of things to immerse children in this culture.
- Children experience a daily story time at the end of every day, with texts being chosen from a list of recommended reads that staff put together in conjunction with English consultants and specialists from other schools and authorities. Story times are exciting – staff know how to use their voice and strategies such as echo reading to make story times engaging!
- We have a ‘Reading Buddies’ system that sees older children paired up with younger children to hear children read their decodable books and also read a story to them at the end of each session. For more information about Reading Buddies, please see the Reading Buddies leaflet.
- Authors Galore – Each half term all staff in school pick an author and a book within the chosen theme. Children then decide which author they would like to find out more about and which book they would like to hear. For more information about Authors Galore, please see the attached information sheet.
- Environments – ‘Emotional engagement is the tipping point between leaping into the reading life or remaining in a childhood bog where reading is endured only as a means to other ends.’ We know that for children to want to read, a purposeful, useable environment is key. Following some work with an English Hub literacy specialist and some of our teachers attending a reading TRG, we redesigned the reading environments around school.
Our book areas contain:
- Some forward facing books
- Clearly labelled boxes/baskets etc. of different genres/text types including (but not limited to) poetry/song lyrics, newspapers/magazines, history books, non-fiction books, real material e.g. recipes etc.
- Reading prompts or questions linked to DERIC (KS1) or ERIC (KS2) (this could also include book reviews, questions to promote independent reading, recommendations etc.)
- Something that shares a bit about staff as readers e.g. favourite childhood books, recommendations, current reading book etc.
- Some areas contain children’s published work
- Books in other languages.
We also have a designated library area where children choose the books they work through with grownups, and specified areas in school where fully decodable books are stored that match and are organised to the sequence in which sounds are taught according to Read Write Inc. Staff across school are experts in reading, with both regular RWI training, coaching and support as well as staff sharng good practice from the TRG and English Hub support.
- We have a trained team of volunteers that come into school each week to listen to children read.
- We hold reading events through the year, including workshops and Book Fairs, where families are invited into school to learn more about supporting their children with reading.
Please see the following list of recommended reads which we use to select stories for story times, Authors Galore or within book corners for children to select from.
Reading fluently is vital for our children and we are passionate about instilling a love of reading into all our pupils. Each week, we expect every pupil to have read at least 4 times at home to an adult. On a Friday, we will check each pupils’ reading record to check it has been signed 4 times by an adult/older sibling.
We know that quality first teaching is at the heart of children achieving well and making good progress. However, occasionally, children need additional support. We use some of the Pupil Premium grant to support children who may need additional support with reading. One of the ways we do this beyond QFT, is to offer eligible pupils a Lexia licence. Recent EEF research found this intervention to have promising results when used effectively in schools:
- Children offered Lexia made the equivalent of two additional months’ progress in reading, on average, compared to other children. This result has a high security rating.
- Exploratory analysis suggests that children offered Lexia made the equivalent of two additional months’ progress in word recognition and decoding skills and one additional month of progress in reading fluency and comprehension skills, on average, compared to other children. Children offered Lexia made, on average, no additional progress in Key Stage 1 national test reading raw scores compared to other children.
- Children eligible for Free School Meals (FSM) who were offered Lexia made, on average, the equivalent of three additional months’ progress in reading compared to other children eligible for FSM. However, this result has high statistical uncertainty.
- Implementation fidelity was high. Most schools incorporated Lexia into their routine so that pupils received the normal provision for struggling readers as well as this intervention. Over three-quarters of survey respondents were satisfied with the access to the online activities, support provided, and the usefulness of the reports.
- Most pupils managed to work independently with little scaffolding from teaching assistants. However, teachers and teaching assistants felt that Lexia was unsuitable for a small number of pupils, especially those with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities and those whose reading level was very low.